Ankle pain is caused a majority of the time by a 'sprained ankle'. It is the most common sports injury across the globe. This typically occurs when the ankle is rolled into 'inversion' and 'plantar flexion' or in the direction of down and in. This causes the ligaments of the ankle to stretch causing significant inflammation and swelling. The types of ankle sprains include:
Inversion (Lateral) Ankle Sprains
Eversion (Medial) Ankle Sprains
High (Syndesmostic) Ankle Sprains
The most common of the three are inversion sprains which make up 75% of ankle sprains. High ankle sprains commonly occur in sports that involve sturdy footwear such as skiing and hockey, where the stretching occurs higher up the foot.
Typically we recommend the PRICE protocol for recently sprained ankles meaning:
P - Protect
R - Rest
I - Ice
C - Compress
E - Elevate
Treatment using the PRICE protocol typically occurs for 2-3 days, after which the injured person must start to walk to facilitate more healing. Recovery time depends on the severity of the ankle sprain. Mild sprains recover in 1-2 weeks, moderate sprains 4-6 weeks and more severe sprains over 8 weeks. First therapists must restore range of motion, increase strength, and eventually return the client to sport and activity-specific motions. Consult one of our sports injury experts for a comprehensive examination if you have an ankle sprain.
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